Dramatic power reduction on 23cm for Belgium radio hams

A Galileo satellite - image credit ESA

A Galileo satellite – image credit ESA

The Belgium regulator BIPT has proposed cutting to just 20 watts the permitted power level for the Amateur and Amateur-Satellite allocations in 1260-1300 MHz which is to be used by the Galileo GNSS / GPS constellation.

A Google translation of the UBA post reads:

On December 18, the BIPT website provides BIPT consultation on the Frequencies, Power and Transmission modes that may be used by radio amateurs.

This consultation was already announced at the BIPT meeting with the recognized associations of September 28 and should provide a framework for the introduction of the CEPT Novice license in Belgium.

The most important part is the Appendix 1 which establishes the Frequency bands and technical characteristics allowed for the different categories of radio amateur licenses.

For holders of a HAREC license (class A operating certificate), there are only changes to the transmission power (usually in our favor):

• On most bands between 1.81 MHz and 440 MHz, the permitted power is 1500 W. Exceptions are 1.85-2.00 MHz (10 W), 5.3515-5.3665 MHz (15 W EIRP), 50-52 MHz (200 W), 69.95 MHz (10 W). EIRP), 70.1125-70.4125 MHz (50W) and 433.05-434.79 MHz (200W EIRP for (D-) ATV, 200W transmit power for other modes). On the bands above 1 GHz the permissible power is increased to 200 W, with the exception of 1260-1300 MHz (20 W). The special license for higher capital expires, but to perform exceptional experiments one can still submit a motivated request to temporarily use a larger capital. It is allowed to own devices that are capable of supplying a power up to twice the permitted maximum power.

The holders of the newly introduced CEPT Novice license (class B operating license) have access to almost all bands between 1.81 MHz and 440 MHz (except 5.3515-5.3665 MHz, 69.95 MHz and 70.1125-70.4125 MHz). The permitted transmission power is 100W at HF ​​and 6 meters and 50 W at 2 m and 70 cm. All classes of broadcast (modes) are allowed with the exception of D-ATV.
For the holders of a basic license (class C operating license) the changes are greater:

• The permissible transmission power is limited to 10 W, but the use of devices up to 100 W transmission power remains permitted (provided that the power is limited to 10 W). The use of external power amplifiers is not permitted.
• The use of the 17 m band (now 18.080-18.168 MHz), 12 m band (now 24.900-24.990 MHz) and 6 m band (now 50.125-52.000 MHz) is no longer allowed.
• The 20 m band is expanded (14,000-14,150 and 14,250-14,350 MHz), this is 65 kHz extra (14,080-140150 MHz).
• The 15 m band is expanded (21,000-21,150 and 21,320-21,450 MHz), this is 90 kHz extra (21,000-21,040 and 21,100-21,150 MHz).
• The 10 m band is expanded (28,000-29,700 MHz), this is 40 kHz extra (28,000-28,040 MHz).
• The permitted classes of broadcast (modes) do not change, everything modes except (D-) ATV remain allowed.

The full text of this consultation can be found on

Everyone has the right to respond to the content of this consultation until January 18 and to propose changes.

The UBA will certainly do this and invites all members to send their comments and proposals for January 5 to ON7YD ( ( on7yd [at] uba [dot] be ) ). Anyone who wants to respond in their own name can find the procedure for this at

UBA in Google English https://tinyurl.com/BelgiumUBA

2006 article Potential Interference To Galileo From 23cm Band Operations by Peter Blair G3LTF.
The Galileo constellation is expected to be fully operational by 2020.

Galileo GNSS/GPS – FCC to vote on use of signals in USA

FCC SealThe Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has said it will vote in November on whether to allow U.S. GPS receivers to access the Galileo global navigation satellite system (GNSS).

From an Amateur Radio perspective the key part is that the FCC will only be voting to waive its licensing requirements for non-federal operations with Galileo channels E1 and E5, subject to certain technical constraints.

This means they will not be voting on the E6 channel 1260-1300 MHz, these frequencies are also Amateur and Amateur-Satellite Service allocations. This suggests for 1260-1300 MHz the situation in the USA will be unchanged, the unlicensed use of the Galileo signal on channel E6 will not be permitted for non-Federal operations in the USA.

Read the Reuters story which also says Ajit Pai is proposing the first comprehensive review of the FCC’s orbital debris rules since their adoption in 2004

2006 article – Galileo and amateur radio operations in 1260-1300 MHz

Galileo GPS closes down 23cm ATV Repeater DB0QI



The new Galileo GPS system that broadcasts across 1260-1300 MHz has resulted in the closure of a German ATV repeater.

The DARC report the Munich ATV repeater DB0QI has been closed down due to it jamming the Galileo Satnav Control Centre.

DB0QI was located 18 km from the Galileo GNSS receiver, another repeater that has been shut down is DB0ITV which was located 55 km from the receiver. It is believed both repeaters were running about 15 watts ERP.

DARC in Google English http://tinyurl.com/GermanyDARC

A 2006 Galileo GPS article by Peter Blair G3LTF highlighted the problems this system could cause, see

The Amateur Satellite Service has an important allocation at 1260-1270 MHz for Earth-to-Space (Uplink) communications. The Amateur Satellite Service has already seen its allocations at 2.4 and 5 GHz rendered unusable in urban areas due to WiFi and other licence exempt devices. The Amateur Satellite Service does not have any other global spectrum allocations in the key 915 MHz to 6 GHz region.

While the German announcement may relate to a single Galileo command station being used to test the initial satellites it clearly raises concerns about what will happen in a few years time when the full Galileo constellation is deployed and 1260-1300 MHz GPS units are in widespread use.

Satpack: Arduino satellite tracking and doppler tuning

The Satpack is an ATmega328 controlled satellite tracker with doppler tuning. To calculate the position of the satellite, they use qrpTracker, which is an Arduino friendly program based on James Miller’s Pan-13. Next, the Arduino tunes the radio to listen to the transmitted Morse code. Amazing! It’s open source, so check out the link for a lot more information on building your own Satpack.

Here’s a video of the Satpack code tracking a few satellites. Note that the tone of the cubesat drifts a bit. The keps were a bit old, but in a addition, I just got a letter from James Miller, the author of Plan 13 who recommends some constants that are more in keeping with the earth model used in today’s GPS engines.

23cm band covered by GNSS

An article in the May 2012 edition of the free publication Microwave Journal shows that all of 1240-1300 MHz except for two narrow gaps will be used by global navigation satellite systems (GNSS).

The article by Rachid El Assir, Rohde & Schwarz, conatin a chart that graphically illustrates where the GNSS systems will operate in 1240-1300 MHz band.

A gap of about 3 MHz occurs at 1240 and one of about a MHz at 1259 MHz.

Read Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Their Applications

Microwave Journal http://www.microwavejournal.com/publications/1

UKube-1 is Taking Shape

UKube-1, the programme to launch the UK Space Agency’s first Cubesat mission, has reached an important milestone. Two payloads have now undergone pre-integration testing at Clyde Space’s facilities in Glasgow.

UKube-1. Credit: Clyde Space.

UKube-1. Credit: Clyde Space.

Miniature satellite UKube-1, is a collaboration between the UK Space Agency, industry and academia. Open University payload C3D and University of Bath payload TOPCAT were the first of the four payloads selected to be tested. These workshops provided the first opportunity to carry out physical and functional testing between the protoflight payloadsand platform subsystems.C3D imager. Credit: Clyde Space/Open University. (JPG, 2.7 Mb) 

The tests confirmed physical, electrical and operational interfaces between the subsystems. The tests represent the successful handover to flight integration and delivery from the interface emulator (supplied to payload teams by Clyde Space at the start of the program to facilitate rapid parallel development of subsystems).

C3D is a small imager which will take pictures of the earth and investigate radiation damage effects in space. It uses new sensor technology developed for space conditions.

TOPCAT (Topside Ionosphere Computer Assisted Tomography) will measure space weather conditions to inform users of the Global Positioning System (GPS) users using a dual-frequency GPS receiver designed especially for use in space.

With the remaining payloads due to be tested over the coming few weeks, the program continues confidently towards full integration in July.

UKube-1 will also take an educational subsystem called FUNcube, developed by the voluntary organisation AMSAT-UK, to encourage young people to learn about radio, space, physics and electronics. It contains a 1200 bps BPSK telemetry beacon and a 435/145 MHz linear transponder.

UKube-1 on BBC TV http://www.uk.amsat.org/5983

UKube-1 to launch in 2013 http://www.uk.amsat.org/5933