Australian ham radio pico balloons

PS-31 and PS-32 balloon track as of January 26, 2015

PS-31 and PS-32 balloon track as of January 26, 2015

Different paths are being taken by the two solar-powered Australian pico balloons, PS-31 and PS-32, carrying Amateur Radio payloads, each sending 25 mW WSPR and JT9 transmissions alternately in the 10 MHz and 14 MHz bands. Their current position is here.

They are each standard 90 cm foil party balloons with a  payload that comprises a GPS receiver, two HF transmitters, battery and solar panel weighing a total of just 15 grams.

The transmitters for both balloons can be received on standard WSPR dial frequencies of 10.138700 MHz and 14.095600 MHz. For PS-31 these will put WSPR at 1400 Hz-1600 Hz, and JT9 at 1000 Hz, allowing decoding of both WSPR and JT9 without changing frequency on each band. PS-32 has a 1200 Hz JT9 offset so that it can coexisting with the PS-31 transmissions at 1000Hz offset.

Jim Linton VK3PC writes:

Launched from Melbourne on Saturday, January 24, the balloon PS-31 has now crossed the International Dateline for a second time, at the 23rd parallel in the South Pacific.

It formed the letter ‘S’ on its journey that took it to the sub-antarctic in the south, then turned back reaching the north-east coast of New Zealand, and turning again on a more easterly track. It is a third of the way between Australia and South America.

Meantime PS-32, launched from Woori Yallock 56 km east of Melbourne three days later, continues to track south-east to by-pass New Zealand on a polar route across the dateline in the Southern Ocean, before traveling around Cape Horn in South America.

They are fitted with QRP transmissions give their location, altitude, speed and other data, with PS-31 using the callsign VK3YT while PS-32 is signing VK3ANH.

Both are following their predicted trajectory paths in a Jetstream forecast by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Andy Nguyen VK3YT who launched them, and an international tracking effort, have their fingers crossed that both will at least reach South America.

Waiting and listening are radio amateurs using open-source software tools eager to report progress of the southern hemisphere flights.

Earlier, PS-30 was launched from Melbourne on December 27. It crossed the African continent entering through Namibia. There it was tracked to near Madagascar before poor weather and lost after 20 days.

Combined tracking map http://spacenear.us/tracker/fullscreen.php?filter=PS-31;PS-32

More info at Andy VK3YT’s web site http://picospace.net/

Download free WSJT and WSPR software to decode the transmissions from
http://physics.princeton.edu/pulsar/k1jt/

Pico balloons PS-31 and PS-32 on Jan 28, 2015

Pico balloons PS-31 and PS-32 on Jan 28, 2015

Update January 28, 2015

The small solar-powered pico balloon from Australia went down north-east of New Zealand, probably being hit by rain and ice in the area.

Andy Nguyen VK3YT reports that PS-31 gave out its final JT9 packet message and was lost.

The balloon, launched from Melbourne Australia on Saturday January 24, maneuvered forming an s-shape but was lost after as dark fell and it was across the International Dateline in the South Pacific.

Andy VK3YT who launched both the PS-31 and PS-32 balloons says “Thanks everyone for tracking, and hope PS-32 (the other balloon) will keep going for much longer.”

PS-32 with the VK3ANH callsign continues to be tracked. It put up from Woori Yallock 56kms east of Melbourne on January 26, Australia Day, and is currently in the South Pacific.

Like all recent balloons in the series launched by Andy VK3YT for the Southern Hemisphere, it is fitted with QRP transmission of both WSPR and JT9 giving trackers the location, speed and altitude along with other data.

PS-32 continues being tracked at last report was doing well. An International team of radio amateurs are following its path.

Jim Linton VK3PC

PS-32 tracking map http://spacenear.us/tracker/fullscreen.php?filter=PS-32

437.700 and 437.5966 MHz ham radio balloons heading for UK

SP3OSJ Pico Balloon

SP3OSJ Pico Balloon

Artur SP3OSJ has launched an amateur radio solar powered pico balloon on 437.700 MHz USB from Poland which should be over the UK on Sunday, October 13. Also on its way is another pico balloon SP3UOB on 437.5966 MHz USB.

The SP3OSJ balloon, launched at about 06:01 UT on Saturday morning, is on its way west from Poland with the predicted path going over Denmark then on to the United Kingdom.

Artur asks for other amateurs to assist by tracking the telemetry signal on approximately 437.700 MHz USB. It is running UKHAS RTTY 100 baud 7n2, 470 Hz shift – SP3OSJ (SP3OSJ/08 in dl-fldigi).

Tomasz also request amateurs to listen for his balloon on 437.5966 MHz USB.

The payload on the balloons weigh only a few tens of grams. They comprise a tiny 437 MHz transmitter running about 10 milliwatts and a GPS receiver. The SP3OSJ balloon is powered by a rechargeable battery and solar panel with should give an extended lifetime of several days.

SP3OSJ Pico Balloon Payload

SP3OSJ Pico Balloon Payload

SP3OSJ is flying at an altitude of between 3000 and 3500 metres and should have a radio range of around 150 km.

Real-time tracking of this and other balloons is available at http://spacenear.us/tracker/

Beginners Guide to Tracking using dl-fldigi http://ukhas.org.uk/guides:tracking_guide

To get details of upcoming UK balloon launches subscribe to the UKHAS Mailing List by sending a blank email to this address:
ukhas+subscribe@googlegroups.com

B-11 and B-12 Pico Balloons Break World Duration Record

Tracks of the pico balloons B-11 and B-12 in red and blue respectively as at Sept. 9, 2013 12:38 UT

Tracks of the pico balloons B-11 and B-12 in red and blue respectively as at Sept. 9, 2013 12:38 UT

The solar powered pico balloons B-11 and B-12 were launched by Leo Bodnar from Silverstone, UK on September 1 and 2 respectively. As of 1238 UT on Monday, September 9 both balloons were still in the air transmitting the amateur radio DominoEX16 data mode on 434.500 MHz USB.

B-12 Pico balloon with the tiny lightweight 434 MHz payload - Image credit Leo Bodnar

B-12 Pico balloon with the tiny lightweight 434 MHz payload – Image credit Leo Bodnar

During their record breaking duration flights the two balloons have between them flown over most countries in Europe and are now out of the range of tracking stations. B-11 was last reported over Turkey and B-12 over Ukraine. Both balloons are fitted with solar panels which recharge the on-board Lipo battery. B-12 has suffered a battery failure so only transmits when in sunlight.

Pico balloons are proving increasing popular with amateurs. The small foil party balloons can only carry ultra light balloon payloads, typically weighing less than 100 grams. This presents a challenge to the builders to produce a transmitter, GPS, batteries and antenna that are small and light enough to be carried.

Balloons such as these do not go to extremes of altitude but instead float at between 2,500 and 8,000 metres for an extended period. The 434 MHz transmitters can have a radio range of up to 400 km.

Information on the two balloons is at
http://www.leobodnar.com/balloons/B-11/index.html
http://www.leobodnar.com/balloons/B-12/index.html

Tracks of B-11 and B-12 http://spacenear.us/tracker/?filter=B-11;B-12

Real-time balloon tracking http://spacenear.us/tracker/

Beginners Guide to Tracking using dl-fldigi http://ukhas.org.uk/guides:tracking_guide

To get details of upcoming UK balloon launches subscribe to the UKHAS Mailing List by sending a blank email to this address:
ukhas+subscribe@googlegroups.com